I have a piece of painted wood but want to darken and protect it…Do I really need to strip off the paint first or can you apply stain over painted wood?
Wood is used on a wide variety of projects in part for its strength and durability. To enhance the durability of this versatile material, and enhance and preserve its appearance normally wood is either painted, stained or protected with clear coat. Two of the most popular finishes on wood are paint and stain.
Paint is the most durable finish that you can get. It also is most versatile with an infinite range of colors, shades, and hues to choose from. But paint also has a lifespan and once the paint starts to deteriorate, you will need to recoat the surface of the wood. You can paint over existing paint but can you apply a stain on painted wood? The answer is yes, but you will have to follow certain procedures. In this post, we take a look at how you can apply stain on your painted wood surfaces.
Reasons for Applying Stain Over Paint
To begin with, you may wonder why you would want to apply stain over paint in the first place. There are a few possible reasons. The primary reason here is to change the appearance of the painted surface. You may need to refurbish the paint but do it differently. Then, you might want to change the theme of a room, for example, changing the look of a child’s bedroom into the more adult tones of a guest room.
If you choose well, the possibilities are endless. You can impart a classic antique look to a side table bought at a flea market to make it look like a priceless piece of furniture. It all boils down to your creativity and imagination and how you apply them to your work.
How to Apply Stain Over Paint
You cannot follow the standard procedures for applying stain over paint. You can apply the stain with a cloth, brush, or roller, depending on the nature of the job. If you follow these few basic steps, it should be enough for you to achieve the desired results:
The prepping stage includes clearing the area of all unnecessary objects. Hammer in or remove protruding nails and screws, and sweep the area to clear it of all debris and dust. Since you will be handling corrosive material, ensure to wear appropriate safety gear like gloves and a mask if you are planning to work in an enclosed space.
Sanding the Surface
Even though you plan to apply the stain over existing paint, you need to sand the surface lightly. The reason for this is that you impart more porosity to the surface, to give the stain a better grip.
After sanding the surface, clean it of debris and dust by wiping it with a wet cloth. You can use a pump sprayer filled with a cleaning solution. Ensure that the surface is clear from all dirt and grime.
You might need to use a scrubbing brush over some dirt-encrusted spots. Wait until the surface becomes dry. If you clean a deck in preparation for staining it, you may need to wait for a couple of days for it to dry before proceeding further.
Mixing the Stain
Once the painted surface is completely dry, you can start mixing the stain. Get all your material and equipment together. Keep a drop cloth handy to catch any splashes or drops that might escape from your brush or roller. Apply masking tape or grease to spots like hinges, handles, and other points which you do not want to stain.
Mix your stain to the required consistency. Ensure to mix slowly but thoroughly. You need to merge the pigments with the stain evenly and without bubbles. Wait for about fifteen minutes for any bubbles to dissipate.
Handy Tip: As far as possible, apply stain in natural light. Avoid working at night because the colors may appear different in artificial light and you may also miss out on a few spots if your lighting is insufficient.
Applying the Stain
First, apply a test sample to a concealed part of the surface to see the final result. You can make small adjustments to achieve the desired appearance. Once you are satisfied with the look, start applying the stain with a rag, brush, or roller.
Use steady, long strokes pressing lightly to apply the stain thinly but sufficiently over the surface. Do not overload your applicator to avoid blotching and drips. If you are using a brush, dip only the tip of the brush in the stain.
Rather than one or two thick coats, you will always get better results with several thin coats. You need to be patient and take your time for the best finish. This particularly applies in the case of a dark stain.
Wait until each coat dries before you proceed with the application of the next coat. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for the correct drying times. It normally takes about two hours for a single coat of stain to dry. You will usually have to leave your job for eight to twelve hours or overnight for the final coat to dry completely.
Tips for Achieving the Smoothest Texture
- Apply the stain with a cotton staining pad or a brush with natural bristles like horsehair for oil-based stain.
- You can use applicators made of synthetic materials if you use a water-based stain.
- Use sandpaper from 120-grit to 180-grit to achieve maximum physical smoothness.
- Always move in the direction of the wood grain if it is visible.
- Try light buffing on your stained surface once the stain has dried completely for a high-gloss finish.
- Apply furniture wax periodically to maintain the luster of your stained surfaces.
How to Achieve a Faux Wood Finish
- Before you select the shades of stain you intend to use, have a good look at images of some wood grain patterns to get suitable shades of stain.
- You can use an inexpensive chip brush to impart a streaked, wood grain-like appearance to the surface.
- Applying layers of lighter and darker stain can make the surface look like wood.
- Move your brush steadily in the same direction, but move it in long ovals at regular intervals to create the appearance of knots and whorls that occur in the wood. You would do well to practice this technique a bit before applying stain to the job.
Applying stain over paint can be one of the most interesting and satisfying woodworking projects that you can undertake. The procedure involved is a bit detailed but not overly complicated. There are certain steps that you need to follow to achieve the desired results. We hope that all your questions about how to apply stain over paint have been answered.
Whether you apply it as a finish to bare wood, previously-stained wood, or painted wood, you can use stain to showcase your creative skills. With a bit of imagination and a whole lot of creativity, you can transform wooden surfaces into beautiful creations with an appropriate stain. Make your mark with some awesome stained woodworking projects.